Gestational diabetes Symptoms only affects women during pregnancy. This form of diabetes doesn’t usually cause any symptoms. If it does, the gestational diabetes symptoms are not noticeable.
These diabetes symptoms are the same as associated with the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
The main symptoms being: increased thirst, needing to urinate frequently and being tired all the time
The problem is that most of the symptoms are associated with normal pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes isn’t an immediate threat to your health. However, poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy puts you at a higher risk of various problems.
Gestational diabetes and your health
Gestational diabetes isn’t an immediate threat to your health. However, poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy puts you at a higher risk of various problems. These complications include:
• Premature labour
• High blood pressure (Hypertension)
• having too much amniotic fluid
• Respiratory problems – Babies my born with underdeveloped lungs. This will cause difficulty breathing but could be resolved.
• Macrosomia (big baby) – Babies may grow too large because of the extra glucose they’re receiving is more than is needed so the extra is stored as fat.
• Jaundice (yellow discoloration of skin and white of eyes) – This can easily be treated.
• Dystocia – Failure to progress in labour. Caesarean Section may be needed.
• Death or Stillbirth – There is an increased risk to babies if their mother is diabetes.
• You are also more likely to develop gestational diabetes in future pregnancies, and are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Gestational diabetes symptoms and your baby
Having gestational diabetes untreated could affect your baby’s health and your health. The following are some of the common complications:
• Having high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) can cause your baby to grow larger, which can make delivery difficult. A caesarean delivery is needed if the baby becomes too large or if the doctor deems it necessary to protect both your health and the health of the baby.
• At birth your baby may have low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia). Hypoglycaemia is caused because the baby makes extra insulin to respond to your high blood sugar levels.
• Babies may have low levels of calcium and magnesium in their blood.
• Your newborn baby is at risk of jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes).
• There is an increased risk that your baby will be born with congenital problems, such as a heart defect. Sometimes, babies can be born with lung problems making breathing difficult (this is normally corrected after birth).
• There is also a slightly higher chance of stillbirth or death as a newborn.
• There is an increased risk of the baby becoming obese as a child and develop type two diabetes in later life.
• Hypoglycaemia – Babies develop low blood sugar right after birth because they have been getting large quantity of glucose from their mothers so their production of insulin is high.